Saturday, November 30, 2019
Woodstock Woodstock In 1969, the Woodstock Music and Art Fair drew more than 450,000 people to a pasture in Sullivan county. For four days, this site became a countercultural mini-nation in which drugs were all but legal, music was plenty, and love was free. The music began Friday afternoon at 5:07 p.m. August 15, and continued until mid- morning Monday August 18. The festival closed the New York State Thruway and created one of the nation's worst traffic jams. It also inspired a bunch of local and state laws to ensure that nothing like it would ever happen again. Woodstock was the idea of four young men: John Roberts, Joel Rosenman, Artie Kornfeld and Michael Lang. The oldest of the four was 26. Their original odea was to have it in Wallkill, New York, but the residents objected so greatly, that the site was then taken to a farm about eight miles outside of Bethel, N.Y. , population 3,900. There was objections from this city as well, but a permit had already been purchased to have a concert, so not much could be done about it. Although the conditions were terrible, (Lack of food, sparse sanitation facilities, drugs and alcohol, mud, to name a few) there were no violent acts at the festival. DRUGS Drugs were a problem at the festival, nearly ninety percent of the people there were smoking marijuana. There were no violence problems though. Approximately one hundred percent of the 33 people arrested were charged with drug-related charges. FOOD Food shortage was a problem since so many people showed up who the festival organizers wree not prepared for. Only 60,000 people were expected to attend, yet on the first day alone, 500,000 frankfurters and hamburgers were consumed. Constant airlifts were being operated from the site and outlying areas, bringing in a total of 1,300 pounds of canned food, sandwiches, and fruit. In fact, the food problems were so great that the Women's Group of the Jewish Community Center of Monticello and the Sisters of the Convent of St. Thomas prepared and distributed 30,000 sandwiches for the festival go-ers. American History
Tuesday, November 26, 2019
Hindenburg - A Giant and Luxurious Zeppelin In 1936, the Zeppelin Company, with the financial aid of Nazi Germany, built the Hindenburg (the LZ 129), the largest airship ever made. Named after the late German president, Paul von Hindenburg, the Hindenburg stretched 804-feet-long and was 135-feet-tall at its widest point. That made the Hindenburg just 78-feet shorter than the Titanic and four times larger than the Good Year blimps. The Design of the Hindenburg The Hindenburg was a rigid airship definitely in the Zeppelin design. It had a gas capacity of 7,062,100 cubic feet and was powered by four 1,100-horsepower diesel engines. Although it had been built for helium (a less flammable gas than hydrogen), the United States had refused to export helium to Germany (for fear of other countries building military airships). Thus, the Hindenburg was filled with hydrogen in its 16 gas cells. External Design on the Hindenburg On the outside of the Hindenburg, two large, black swastikas on a white circle surrounded by a red rectangle (the Nazi emblem) were emblazoned on two tail fins. Also on the outside of the Hindenburg was D-LZ129 painted in black and the airships name, Hindenburg painted in scarlet, Gothic script. For its appearance at the 1936 Olympic Games in Berlin in August, the Olympic rings were painted on the side of the Hindenburg. Luxury Accommodations Inside the Hindenburg The inside of the Hindenburg surpassed all other airships in luxury. Though most of the airships interior consisted of gas cells, there were two decks (just aft of the control gondola) for the passengers and crew. These decks spanned the width (but not the length) of the Hindenburg. Deck A (the top deck) offered a promenade and a lounge on each side of the airship which was nearly walled with windows (which opened), allowing passengers to watch the scenery throughout their trip. In each of these rooms, passengers could sit on chairs made of aluminum. The lounge even featured a baby grand piano that was made of aluminum and covered in yellow pigskin, weighing only 377 pounds.Between the promenade and the lounge were the passenger cabins. Each cabin had two berths and a washbasin, similar in design to a sleeping room on a train. But in order to keep weight to a minimum, the passenger cabins were separated by only a single layer of foam covered by fabric. Toilets, urinals, and one shower could be found downstairs, on Deck B. Deck B (the lower deck) also contained the kitchen and the crews mess. Plus, Deck B offered the amazing amenity of a smoking room. Considering that hydrogen gas was extremely flammable, the smoking room was a novelty in air travel. Connected to the rest of the ship through an airlock door, the room was specially insulated to keep hydrogen gasses from leaking into the room. Passengers were able to lounge in the smoking room day or night and freely smoke (lighting from the only lighter allowed on the craft, which was built into the room). The Hindenburgs First Flight The Hindenburg, a giant in size and grandeur, first emerged from its shed in Friedrichshafen, Germany on March 4, 1936. After only a few test flights, the Hindenburg was ordered by the Nazi propaganda minister, Dr. Joseph Goebbels, to accompany the Graf Zeppelin over every German city with a population over 100,000 to drop Nazi campaign pamphlets and to blare patriotic music from loudspeakers. The Hindenburgs first real trip was as a symbol of the Nazi regime. On May 6, 1936, the Hindenburg initiated its first scheduled transatlantic flight from Europe to the United States. Although passengers had flown on airships for 27 years by the time the Hindenburg was completed, the Hindenburg was destined to have a pronounced affect on passenger flight in lighter-than-air crafts when the Hindenburg exploded on May 6, 1937.
Friday, November 22, 2019
10 Common Sentence Mistakes in English Some mistakes are common when writing sentences in English. Each of these 10 common sentence mistakes provides correction information as well as links to more detailed information.Ã Incomplete Sentence or Sentence Fragment One common mistake many students make is the use of incomplete sentences. Each sentence in English must contain at least a subject and a verb, and should be an independent clause. Examples of incomplete sentences without a subject or a verb might include an instruction or a prepositional phrase. For example: Through the door.In the other room.Over there. These are phrases we may use in spoken English. These phrases shouldnt be used in written English as they are incomplete.Ã Sentence fragments caused by dependent clauses used without an independent clause are more common. Remember that subordinating conjunctions introduce dependent clauses. In other words, if you use a subordinating clause beginning with a word such as because, though, if, etc. there must be an independent clause to complete the thought. This mistake is often made on tests asking a question with Why. For example: Because Tom is the boss. Since he left work early without permission.Ã These sentences might answer the question: Why did he lose his job? However, these are sentence fragments. The correct answer would be: He lost his job because Tom is the boss. He lost his job since he left work early without permission. Other examples of incomplete sentences introduced by subordinating clauses include: Even though he needs help. If they study enough. As they had invested in the company. Run-on Sentences Run-on sentences are sentences that: Are not connected by appropriate linking language such as conjunctions.Use too many clauses rather than using periods and linking language such as conjunctive adverbs. The first type leaves out a word - usually a conjunction - that is required to connect a dependent and independent clause. For example: The students did well on the test they didnt study very much. Anna needs a new car she spent the weekend visiting car dealerships. The first sentence should use either a conjunction but, or yet or a subordinating conjunction although, even though, or though to connect the sentence. In the second sentence, the conjunction so or the subordinating conjunction since, as, or because would connect the two clauses. The students did well, yet they didnt study very much. Anna spent the weekend visiting car dealerships since she needs a new car. Another common run on sentence occurs when using too many clauses. This often occurs using the word and. We went to the store and bought some fruit, and we went to the mall to get some clothes, and we had lunch at McDonalds, and we visited some friends.Ã The continuous chain of clauses using and should be avoided. In general, do not write sentences that contain more than three clauses to ensure that your sentences do not become run-on sentences. Duplicate Subjects Sometimes students use a pronoun as a duplicate subject. Remember that each clause takes only one sentence. If you have mentioned the subject of a sentence by name, there is no need to repeat with a pronoun. Example 1: Tom lives in Los Angeles. NOT Tom, he lives in Los Angeles. Example 2: TheÃ students come from Vietnam. NOT The students they come from Vietnam. Incorrect Tense Tense usage is a common mistake in student writing. Make sure that the tense used corresponds to the situation. In other words, if you are speaking about something that happened in the past do not use include a tense that refers to the present. For example: They fly to visit their parents in Toronto last week. Alex bought a new car and drives it to her home in Los Angeles. Incorrect Verb Form Another common mistake is the use of an incorrect verb form when combining with another verb. Certain verbs in English take the infinitive and others take the gerund (ing form). Its important to learn these verb combinations. Also, when using the verb as a noun, use the gerund form of the verb. He hopes finding a new job. / Correct - He hopes to find a new job. Peter avoided to invest in the project. / Correct - Peter avoided investing in the project. Parallel Verb Form A related issue is the use of parallel verb forms when using a list of verbs. If you are writing in the present continuous tense, use the ing form in your list. If you are using the present perfect, use the past participle, etc. She enjoys watching TV, play tennis, and cook. / Correct - She enjoys watching TV, playing tennis, and cooking. Ive lived in Italy, working in Germany and study in New York. / Correct - Ive lived in Italy, worked in Germany, and studied in New York. Use of Time Clauses Time clauses are introduced by the time words when, before, after and so on. When speaking about the present or future use the present simple tense in time clauses. If using a past tense, we usually use the past simple in a time clause. Well visit you when we will come next week. / Correct - Well visit you when we come next week. She cooked dinner after he was arriving. / Correct - She cooked dinner after he arrived.Ã Subject-Verb Agreement Another common mistake is to use incorrect subject-verb agreement. The most common of these mistakes is the missing s in the present simple tense. However, there are other types of mistakes. Always look for these mistakes in the helping verb. Tom play guitar in a band. / Correct - Tom plays guitar in a band. They was sleeping when she telephoned. / Correct - They were sleeping when she telephoned.Ã Pronoun Agreement Pronoun agreement mistakes take place when using a pronoun to replace a proper noun. Often this mistake is a mistake of use of a singular form rather than a plural or vice versa. However, pronoun agreement mistakes can occur in object or possessive pronouns, as well as in subject pronouns. Tom works at a company in Hamburg. She loves his job. / Correct - Tom works at a company in Hamburg. He loves his job. Andrea and Peter studied Russian at school. He thought they were very difficult. Correct - Andrea and Peter studied Russian at school. They thought it was very difficult.Ã Missing Commas After Linking Language When using an introductory phrase as linking language such as a conjunctive adverb or sequencing word, use a comma after the phrase to continue the sentence. As a result children should start studying math as early as possible.Ã /Ã Correct -Ã As a result, children should start studying math as early as possible.
Thursday, November 21, 2019
Problem-solution - Essay Example Global warming is led to by many causes. The rise in the carbon dioxide content is the most principle cause for this phenomenon. Industrialization is one of the most important reasons for carbon dioxide release into the atmosphere. The release of carbon dioxide from the fossil fuels that are used in these industries leads to an increase in the carbon dioxide levels in the air. Automobiles are another source of the emission of carbon dioxide in the air. The trees work as a shield against the issue of global warming as they take in the carbon dioxide from the air and release in return. Deforestation for industrialization and forest fires are thus another major cause of global warming as they lead to a reduction in the number of trees and thus this promotes the warming phenomenon of Earth. Global warming has brought with it many disastrous effects on the atmosphere and the environment. The warming results in an increase in the overall temperature of the world. This promotes the melting of the glaciers which are the ice reserves which in turn leads to an increase in the level of water in the rivers and the seas. A rise in the overall water level can be cause of floods and many small islands can be destroyed from the world map owing to this. Furthermore, floods are also a cause of the spread of diseases. Heat waves are also generated owing to the warming of the earth. These heat waves can be a reason of many deaths as well. Thus, global warming provides for many damaging results for the earthÃ¢â¬â¢s atmosphere as well as for mankind. The issue of global warming should be taken seriously and steps should be taken on the global level to prevent further deterioration. The emission of greenhouse gases should be controlled. Alternative fuels should be introduced for the motor vehicles to prevent the emission of gases. The usage of public transport should be promoted to reduce the emission of carbon dioxide. Guidelines for industries should also be laid down which may
Tuesday, November 19, 2019
Audit on an organisation of your choice - Assignment Example With the help of audit, Aviation Company can implement a proper strategy of safety management to ensure safety of passengers. It encourages cooperation based partnership, which is actually helpful for analysing requirements and developing long term strategy for quality management. With regard to the process of audit, Air Arabia can identify various positive attributes (Alzaman, & Chikhalsouk, 2013). Through this audit report, Air ArabiaÃ¢â¬â¢s situation analysis with the help of its goal, vision, competitor analysis can be comprehended along with determining the proper concept of marketing segmentation, target orientation and successful positioning, marketing objectives of aviation and how it affects firm strategy. A brief analysis of marketing mix in airline industry of Middle-East is also evaluated in the report. Success of every organisation depends on its activities therefore, it is vital for the managers to collect data and analyse the environment to gain better idea about its future actions. It is vital to understand the goal of an organisation for its sustainability. Air ArabiaÃ¢â¬â¢s vision is Ã¢â¬Å"to be one of the WorldÃ¢â¬â¢s leading budget airlinesÃ¢â¬ with the help of operational excellence, profit margin, reputation and innovation (Air Arabia Annual Report, 2013). The company has a strong mission statement to revolutionise the business with the help of innovative ideas such as offering outstanding value for money and consistent operation. For achieving the mission, Air Arabia has set some goals, to expand its business with profitability. However, in order to attain its goals Air Arabia will offer low cost facilities, control costs ruthlessly, build motivated multifunctional terms and demonstrate operational standards (Air Arabia Annual Report, 2013). In this context, the company needs to achieve its mission and vision and earn profitability. Middle East area is regarded as the most vibrant region in the airline industry. It has
Saturday, November 16, 2019
Design a computer system for a video hire shop Essay I have noticed that keeping customer records on paper can be time consuming and neither practical or easy to use. The aim of this project is to create a database for a company or an organization; I have chosen Vinnies videos. My database will include customer information to make organization and customer relations simpler; the new system will be more practical. An electronic database will make life easier as it will be superior to a card filling system and will save time and money. A computer system is better than the old card filing method for many reasons. Example, searches can be carried out instantly rather than many manual records being waded through, customer information for a hundred people can be copied almost instantly to a standard letter. Vinny will be able to keep customer information lists, detailing contact information, stats on the customers videos, lists of regular jobs that need to be performed i. e. check who has videos out; in order that notices can be sent using mail merge. This will help Vinny keep up to data and on top of customer relations and business. A search function for my database will make it simple for letters detailing special offers which are customer specific to be sent out easily. After considering the pros and cons of the two systems I have decided that it is definitely more practical to use a computer system over a card filling system. Strengths and Weaknesses of current system: Vinny currently has a very primitive filling system, It has a lot weaknesses. It takes a long time to find records, as they are stored in a filling cabinet. When editing a record you must remove the entire card and rewrite it, it is time consuming to add new records. To re-sort the records would take a very long time as it would obviously have to be done manually. To search for information is also time consuming, especially if you are looking for a number of customers with similar records for some purpose. However the database is comprehensive and does contain all the records needed. What I need to do is design and makes a new database with all the information from the old one transferred into it. There are also a number of programs that I could consider using, they are Microsoft word, Microsoft excel or Microsoft access. I will need to use a database creation package like MS Access, Fox Pro, DBASE II or IV or Borland Database Explorer to create my database tables, queries, forms, reports and macros easily and also program them with the Visual Basic programming script to make my database into a professional running program. According to the user requirements MS Access is the best one also because it is mostly familiar to people. I will need a word processing package like MS Word, Notepad, WordPad and Word Perfect. MS Word is the best one to use because you can use word art and insert pictures or print screens into the document and also is mostly used by people. Hardware needed: I need a computer that can run Microsoft Access and Microsoft Word just in case I need to use the mail merge. For this I will use a QWERTY keyboard for the manual input of data and the commands for the computer. I will need a mouse or trackball to design the database forms, to navigate the GUI of the OS and to move copy and paste data. I will need to use a 31/2 inch floppy disk and drive or a CDRW disk and drive in order to save my database and to make backups of my database. I will only use a CDRW if the database exceeds 1. 38-1. 44 MB. CDRWs can hold from 500-700 MB of information. I will need a printer to print out the design of my database of for word documentation of the database. The system should have at least 300 MHZ hard drive speed, and 5 GB memory, it should have at least a 128 MB RAM. Problem1: a system management to put the videos in order Form of output: a database Information to be output: video title, video director, main actor, year released, length and genre, how many copies are available and how many are on loan. Data needed to produce the output: video title, video director, main actor, year released, length and genre, which will be provided by Vinny. Desired outcomes and performance criteria: It has to be sorted so you can see a certain type of genre or year. Testing: To see if all the correct records are in the right query. Problem 2: needs a system to store all the members names and addresses Form of output: a database Information to be output: name, address, user number, telephone. Data needed to produce the output: name, address, user number, telephone. This is provided by Vinny. Desired outcomes and performance criteria: members details available so we can contact them if needed. Testing: not needed Problem 3: I dont have a system to see who has what video checked out and who has videos that are over due. Form of output: database Information to be output: name, user number, video rented, date taken out, date due back Data needed to produce the output: name, user number, video rented, date taken out, date due back. This will be provided by Vinny, anyone that rents a new video will be entered into the database. Desired outcomes and performance criteria: a list to see which videos are on loan. When somebody rents a video out all I want to have to do is click on the film name and type their name in. The rental time allowance will be 3 days and automatically entered Testing: see if the people who have taken a video out have a book due on the database Analysis of Strategies for Backup and Security. The system will be backed up on CD-RWs daily and on hard disk drives and a server. The database will have an encrypted modification password and it will be write-protected so it cannot be deleted. If a staff member needs to access the database to modify it, then a staff password is needed. It will not open until the password is correct Information Flow Error Checking To ensure that the information is correct the staff will send the members an invoice with their details they have inputted and attached is another form to fill in the correct information and then collect it and update the database. For the videos the staff will do daily checks on the database to see any obscure looking information in the database and will edit this info by getting the video and re-entering the video data again. Or the staff will do two copies of information identical to each other because the information will be inputted twice and if they are not identical then one or the other or both are changed with the correct information. Skills The user is a competent pc user and will not need any sort of training, he would like it to be user friendly though, so if any new staff join, it will be easy to pick up.
Thursday, November 14, 2019
The Problems With Low Carbohydrate and Low Fat Diets The low carbohydrate diets and the low fat diets both claim to be successful methods of losing weight and staying healthy. Both diet plans also attempt to carry out their goals by restricting what dieters can and cannot eat in relation to what is recommended by the US Department of Agriculture (USDA). Through altering what nutritionists suggest for a healthy regime, low carbohydrate and low fat meal plans potentially put dieters at a higher risk for developing health problems and diseases. Also, diet plans do not necessarily accomplish their goals when maintained over a long period of time. Diets set regulations on what should or shouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t be part of a daily nutritional intake. The USDA recommends between 2-5 servings, measured at about one cup per serving, each day from the dairy, protein, fruit, and vegetable food groups, with an additional 6-11 servings of carbohydrates. Low carbohydrate meal plans and low fat meal plans direct dieters to follow nutritional schedules that contrast with the USDA recommended diet plan. Low carbohydrate diets, such as the Atkins diet, significantly lower the daily carbohydrate intake while increasing the amounts of servings from the meat, dairy, and other groups. On the other hand, low fat diets such as the Weight Watchers diet instruct that dieters should consume more servings of carbohydrates and less of fatty foods and foods with animal fats, which include foods from the meat group, dairy products, and others. Both diets largely differ from each other as well as from the USDA recommended meal plan. Carbohydrates, which are chemical compounds such as sugars, starches, and celluloses, are converted by the body into energ... ...r health problems. Diets can be helpful or hazardous to ones health, depending on how they are followed. Works Cited Ã¢â¬Å"The Food Guide Pyramid,Ã¢â¬ USDA. http://www.pueblo.gsa.gov/cic_text/food/food-pyramid/main.htm Ã¢â¬Å"Low Fat Diets,Ã¢â¬ Diet-i.com. http://www.diet-i.com/diets/low-fat-diet.htm Ã¢â¬Å"Atkins Ã¢â¬â The Unhealthy Choice,Ã¢â¬ Sims, Jeremy. http://www.weightlossresources.co.uk/diet/atkins_diet/medical_report.htm Ã¢â¬Å"Low Carb Diet- How Do Low Carbohydrate Diets Work?Ã¢â¬ http://www.weightlossresources.co.uk/logout/news_features/lowcarbdiet.htm UC Berkeley Wellness Letter http://www.berkeleywellness.com/html/fw/fwNut02LowFatDiets.html 1 Sims, http://www.weightlossresources.co.uk/diet/atkins_diet/medical_report.htm 2 UCB, http://www.berkeleywellness.com/html/fw/fwNut02LowFatDiets.html 3 Sims, http://www.weightlossresources.co.uk/diet/atkins_diet/medical_report.htm
Monday, November 11, 2019
Abstract As a health care organization, it is important that the Saint JohnÃ¢â¬â¢s Hospital takes the security and privacy of its patientsÃ¢â¬â¢ information very seriously. Patient information in the Saint JohnÃ¢â¬â¢s Hospital is electronic and managed by the information systems department. In the organization, the security and privacy of all information is the responsibility of the Information Systems (IS) Manager. As the IS Manager, based on the following information on security and privacy, a Management Plan has been developed to be used as the process for the maintenance of patient information privacy and security. Scenario The administration at St. JohnÃ¢â¬â¢s Hospital takes pride in their sound policies and procedures for the protection of confidential client information. In fact, they serve as a model for other institutions in the area. However, printouts discarded in the restricted-access IS department are not shredded. On numerous occasions, personnel working late observed the cleaning staff reading discarded printouts. What actions, if any, should these personnel take toward the actions of the cleaning staff? What actions, if any, should be taken by IS administration? Management plan Conduct security assessment of hospital system In the development of any improvement system, the first step is to conduct an assessment of the existing system. This will be used as the baseline measurement. To conduct this assessment, an external IS professional will be invited to conduct two exercises. The first would be a security assessment of the system during which the IS professional would perform ethical hacks against the system to assess how secure the information is from fraudulent computer users (hackers). The second assessment exercise to be conducted by the IS professional is information privacy assessment. Social engineering would be used in carrying out this assessment. The IS professional would visit the hospital as an ordinary person and interact with staff of the hospital. During these interactions, the professional would use social engineering skills to find out how much patient information could beÃ extracted from the hospital staff. After the assessment exercises, the IS professional would present a report to the IS Manager of the hospital with recommendations on how the security holes could be blocked and the weak privacy of patient information can be strengthened. Improve security and privacy of patient information The findings and recommendations from the assessment report would be used in the improvement of the security of the system and also strengthening the privacy of any information taken from the hospitalÃ¢â¬â¢s patients. Schneier (2000) stated, Ã¢â¬Å"Security is a process, not a productÃ¢â¬ (Computer Security: Will We Ever Learn? Ã ¶ 2). This means that the security of the information contained in any system is largely dependent on how security conscious the staff that work with the system are and not the amount of sophisticated security devices installed to protect the system. Information privacy, similar to information privacy, is also largely dependent on the level of awareness of the people who input, store, process, and utilize the information. This is because any release of patient information would originate from one of the people stated above. Training To improve the security and privacy of patient information at the Saint JohnÃ¢â¬Ës Hospital, the staff need to be educated on the importance of maintaining the security and privacy of information. Training sessions will be organized for all employees at least once a year to refresh their knowledge of privacy and security in compliance to with Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) rules. HIPAA Privacy and Security Rule set a national standard for the security and privacy of electronic protected health information; and the confidentiality provisions of the Patient Safety Rule. The US Department of Health and Human Services (2010) stated, Ã¢â¬Å"the Rule requires appropriate safeguards to protect the privacy of personal health information, and sets limits and conditions on the uses and disclosures that may be made of such information without patient authorizationÃ¢â¬ . The training guide will be as follows: A.Take employees through the privacy and security rules of HIPAA Here, employees will be instructed on the security and privacy expectations of theÃ HIPAA law. Employees will be expected to adhere to these rules in order to keep to the code of ethics of St JohnÃ¢â¬â¢s Hospital. B.Train staff on importance of privacy to the core business of the hospital Employees of the hospital will be retrained on the fact that the reputation of the organization not only depends on the kind and level of service provided but also on maintaining patient privacy. C.Educate employees on what privacy and security are Employees need to what the words privacy and security mean. How they affect the patientÃ¢â¬â¢s information as well as the health care organization. D.Explain in details the importance of privacy and security with respect to patient health care information Employees will be educated how important it is to maintain the privacy of patients. They will be informed on the importance of not discussing patient information with any unauthorized party as well as not on any social network. E.Educate on the consequences of security breach Employees will be informed and educated on what consequences can result from a security breach if it goes public. Consequences may include compromising the integrity of the health care organization, legal suits against the hospital as well as job security of employees who are involved in the breach. Staff training on code of conduct After the staff training on the importance of information security and privacy, a code of conduct will be prepared and delivered to the staff. The code of conduct The code of conduct applies to all employees of Saint JohnÃ¢â¬â¢s Hospital. The code outlines guidelines for staff conduct and provides guidance on how to exercise judgment in ethical issues. The International Monetary Fund (1998) stated, every employee is Ã¢â¬Å"expected to observe the highest standards of ethical conduct, consistent with the values of integrity, impartiality and discretionÃ¢â¬ (Ã ¶ 9). The code of conduct for the Saint JohnÃ¢â¬â¢s Hospital is as follows: Ã¢â¬ ¢Under no circumstance should a patientÃ¢â¬â¢s personal or medicalÃ information be released to a third party without the prior consent of the patient in question Ã¢â¬ ¢The release of a patientÃ¢â¬â¢s information to a third party without the patientÃ¢â¬â¢s prior consent is subject to punishment determined by the disciplinary committee. The gravity of the punishment is determined by the amount of damage created by the breach of the code of conduct. Ã¢â¬ ¢It is the responsibility of each staff to Ã¢â¬Å"policeÃ¢â¬ other staff and ensure that the code of conduct is being adhered to by all staff. Ã¢â¬ ¢Computers containing patient information should have their monitors facing away from patients. Ã¢â¬ ¢The password policy of the hospital should be strictly adhered to. Passwords should not be written down and placed under keyboards or any other obvious and open access area. Ã¢â¬ ¢All paper documents should be thoroughly shredded and the shredded paper thoroughly mixed up before placed into the dust bin. Ã¢â¬ ¢All computers that are to be donated, auctioned or sold out should be first sent to the IS department for the hard disk drive to be either removed completely and replaced with a new one or the old hard disk drive should be completely wiped off the information that was contained on the drive. Breach occurs There are many situations under which the code of conduct covering the security and privacy of patientÃ¢â¬â¢s information can be breached. One of such situations is the one in which cleaning staff get access to patientsÃ¢â¬â¢ cards from the restricted-area of the Information Systems department because the cards to be discarded from this department and simply thrown into the dust bin instead of being shredded. In such a situation, the first action will be to conduct an assessment to see how much information the cleaners got their hands on. The cleaners involved in this action will be called and educated on the implication of their actions. They will be made aware of the legal implications of reading patientÃ¢â¬â¢s medication and/or personal information without the prior consent of the patient (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2010). The duties and responsibilities of the cleaning crew will be hammered and they will be made aware of the fact that they do not have the right to look through such information even if it is not shredded. They will then be advised of the punishment if such an action is observed again. The Information Systems department will immediately procure a shredder and start shredding all documents or cards that they wish discard.Ã In addition, the IS department should investigate other areas where sensitive information could become accessible by unauthorized personnel. Conduct an incident assessment / evaluate the risks associated with the breach After the occurrence of a breach, the first thing to be done is the performance of a detailed assessment of the incidence and how it happened. Following this, a risk analysis needs to be performed to be able to know the level of damage that was caused or to be expected. The assessment will evaluate the extent to which the information was spread. If it is just within the cleaning crew only, then it will be handled internally but if any information is gone out, the affected patients will be contacted and the appropriate action taken. This assessment needs to be performed as soon as possible so that the hospital will be in the posit ion to respond to any allegations that may come from the patient(s) that was affected by breach. With this done, it would be possible to know if the risk can be mitigated or eliminated completely. Prepare incident report One of the responsibilities of the IS Manager is to keep the hospitalÃ¢â¬â¢s management board constantly updated with all activities related to the information systems. Every code of conduct breach needs to be reported in an incidence report prepared for the hospital management board. The incident report should contain the following information: Ã¢â¬ ¢Code of conduct that was breached. Ã¢â¬ ¢Person(s) responsible for the breach Ã¢â¬ ¢Date and time of the breach Ã¢â¬ ¢How the breach was discovered Ã¢â¬ ¢Risk assessment of the breach Prevent future breaches/talk about how incident occurred With the incident report properly prepared, it would be clear to the IS Manager how it was possible for the breach to have been breached. This knowledge can now be used to document, in detail, how the code was breached and how such an action can be prevented in the future. The appropriate actions would then need to be carried out to ensure that there is no repetition of the act in the future. Implementing the management plan To implement this change in the organization, Plan-Do-Check-Act (PDCA) cycle will be used as a model for change as well as continuous improvement. ASQ (2011) stated, Ã¢â¬Å"The plan-do-check-act cycle is a four-step model for carrying out changeÃ¢â¬ . The implementation of the management plan will be undertaken by the human resource department in conjunction with the information system department. The security training will be conducted by the security engineer of the information systems department and the human resource department will handle the privacy training. The whole process will be supervised by the information systems manager. Conclusion To ensure the continuous security and privacy of patient information, medical institutions need to understand that there has to be continuous staff training and assessment and improvement of the information systems, therefore, the PDCA cycle will be continued and encouraged among staff. A system that is not continuously reviewed and improved will be a static system that will vulnerable to identified system vulnerabilities. Staffs need to be continuously trained and updated on privacy issues concerning the health care industry. Information security and privacy need to be approached as dynamic processes which need to be continuously monitored and improved to ensure that they are always at the best levels. References ASQ. (2011). Project planning and implementing tools. Retrieved March 31, 2011 from http://asq.org/learn-about-quality/project-planning-tools/overview/pdca-cycle.html International Monetary Fund. (1998). IMF Code of Conduct for Staff. Retrieved March 29, 2011 from http://imf.org/external/hrd/code.htm, on December 15, 2011 Schneier, B. (2000). Computer Security: Will We Ever Learn? Cryto-Gram Newsletter. Retrieved March 28, 2011 from http://www.schneier.com/crypto-gram-0005.html U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2010). Health Information Privacy. Retrieved April 1, 2011 from
Saturday, November 9, 2019
Given that the UK has fully embraced e-commerce and Internet shoppers now contribute more to the nationÃ¢â¬â¢s GDP than other country in the G20, it is perhaps unsurprising that it spawned one of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s leading online retailers Ã¢â¬â ASOS (As Seen On Screen). When launched in 2000, the website was aimed at providing consumers a tool to buy clothes and accessories that had been worn by celebrities, or otherwise items Ã¢â¬ËAs Seen on ScreenÃ¢â¬â¢, but has since grown to a global online fashion store that has over 65,000 products that are targeted at the Ã¢â¬Ë20-somethings marketÃ¢â¬â¢. ASOS ideal customer is a female, 20 year old, fashion-lover: an avid consumer and communicator who are inspired by celebrities and the media. ASOS aim to gain an increased understanding of their target customer so they can offer them the fashion they want, they do this by building an online relationship. ASOS ideal customer would have online, digital lives to ensure the instant access to information as ASOS is web-accessible on any device they happen to be using Ã¢â¬â mobile, tablet or laptop/PC. ASOS sells a wide range of brands to target different individuals. ASOS sell their own label and other world-renowned brands, and also give individuals and boutiques the chance to sell, new and pre-worn fashion, through their ASOS Marketplace channel. ASOS now has eight local language websites (UK, US, France, Germany, Spain, Italy, Australia, China and Russia) but also provides free shipping to 234 countries in total. Its website attracts 29.5 million unique visitors a month (excluding mobile) and has 14.8 million registered users. With the GroupÃ¢â¬â¢s chief executive recently claiming that Ã £1 billion in annual sales are firmly in the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s sights, ASOS is truly an online giant. How does ASOS use the Internet? ASOS use the Internet in a range of different ways to strive to gain the most from the company. As the company is online only, their main use of the Internet is through their own website. By using their website they can convey the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s message, to inform existing and potential customers of the features and benefits of the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s products and/or services. This enables the customers to browse through the products available and purchase them online at their own convenience. As customers of ASOS become part of the company by having their own personal accounts, ASOS can use directÃ mailing when promoting new offers, products and services. They can also use direct mail to support customers when tracking orders placed online. ASOS can also use the Internet to promote the company through Search Engine Optimization (SEO). Search Engine Marketing (SEM), which is marketing a website online via search engines, either by improving the siteÃ¢â¬â¢s ranking through search engine optimization (SEO), buying pay-per-click (PPC) ads or purchasing pay-for-inclusion (PFI) listings in website directories. By doing this, ASOS can use popular search engines such as, Google and Yahoo!, to sponsor any links of theirs, this instantly gives them a competitive advantage over competitors. ASOS can also use the Internet by advertising through banners etc. Social Media is another way ASOS can use the Internet. Social media marketing, this can involve social networks like Twitter, LinkedIn, and Facebook. ASOS can use these sites to gain customers and also enhance the popularity of the company. The products provided by ASOS target a range of customers with a wide array of high street and designer brands. These are all promoted alongside ASOS own brand to gain an increased recognition from potential customers. What are the benefits? By using the Internet, ASOS have been able to obtain a number of key benefits. The main key benefit for ASOS is the ability the Internet brings to provide a service to a wider target audience. The convenience of the store and the 24/7 access enables ASOS to obtain an increased amount of customers. By being an online store they can also target customers worldwide, which further expands their ever-growing target audience. Another benefit of using the Internet as a business is the ability to use direct marketing, via Email, text etc. ASOS are able to contact customers directly through their account information and they do this to inform them of the latest sales/promotions. This is a huge benefit for ASOS in terms of sustaining customers and it builds a customer/company relationship and increases the loyalty of the customers. What challenges did ASOS overcome? In order to excel to become one of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s leading online retailers, ASOS have had to overcome a number of challenges. The most substantial challenge,Ã which greatly impacted ASOS financially, was in the form of a warehouse fire in 2006. The warehouse fire caused 45% of stock with an overall profit of 3.8million to be lost; this incident saw a great downfall for the company. Unfortunately, the incident fell during December, which resulted in the loss of thousands of Christmas presents that had also been paid for by customers worldwide. Not only was this a financial issue this also hindered ASOS reputation and brand image due to the lack of trust and decreased loyalty from their customers. In the wake of the 9/11 and the collapse of the dot-com boom craze, ASOS shares were falling towards one of the worst market collapses for a generation. An instant decrease in share prices similarly caused a challenge for the business. ASOS also faced challenges with the lack of support from high-end, designer brands. To build the companies reputation, attracting larger fashion labels was crucial. By 2004, ASOS was selling stock from a number of prestigious brands; this greatly increased customers and therefore increased profits and popularity of the site. The brand image including the re-brand of the company from As Seen On Screen to ASOS, which was another vital decision ASOS had to make to suit customers demands and needs. By doing this they tailored their company to fit the desired needs of their customers, which succeeded in building the relationship between the company and the customers. After the incident of the warehouse fire, ASOS faced financial struggle and faced interim payments over 12 months to strive to put the business back on track. They thrived in doing this with a growth of 116% in 12 months Ã¢â¬â and revenues o f 42.6 million. Today, ASOS still faces challenges with issues such as, technical difficulties and securing payments online. How do they meet the customer needs? As a highly successful company, ASOS meet customer needs in a number of diverse ways. The website itself aims to meet customer needs by targeting their design and layout to appease customers. The website features a navigation bar, drop down menus, a help page and contact details for customers. When featuring a product on the site, ASOS offer customers with a wide range of colour and size options, catering for customers needs. The website also makes this easy for customers to find their desired product with the use of filters when browsing products. The website is also used toÃ promote sales and special offers for customers all year round. Recently ASOS have expanded their services by providing, ASOS VIP Premier (for just Ã £9.95 a year). This allows loyal customers to become a VIP member of the site with extra services such as unlimited next-day delivery, free returns and early access to sales. This is highlighted to enhance customers desire to shop with ASOS and also provides increased benefits when becoming a VIP ASOS customer. As well as the ability to become an ASOS VIP Premier customer, customers can join the website (free of charge) with their own personal account. This includes sharing personal details when ordering and tracking products. Due to security, some customers may see this as an off-putting aspect to ordering online. However, ASOS ensure security recognition, in the form of a verified icon, focuses that ASOS is a secure site. By becoming a member, customers are automatically placed on the direct mailing list. This allows ASOS to keep customers up to date with special offers and also help to sustain customers. As well as using their own site, ASOS also uses a variety of social networking sites to help their customers feel more connected to the business. This also enables them to be informed of any updates. ASOS also use popular search engines, such as Google and Yahoo! through sponsored link; this means that when users search ASOS, the page is automatically the first link to appear on screen. By using sponsored link this enables ASOS to gain recognition of customers and also makes it more convenient and easier for customers to find the page. To meet a wider customer audience, ASOS ensure their site is accessible to all, with the option of 8 different language and currency selections to suit a specific customer. This meets customerÃ¢â¬â¢s needs as it enhances ASOS target audience therefore generating an increased profit for the company. How donÃ¢â¬â¢t they meet the customer needs? Despite having a wide range of benefits that do meet ASOSÃ¢â¬â¢ customer needs; there are still a number of factors that hinder success for ASOS. Primarily, with ASOS being an online only business, there is no direct service for customers. Although the website provides an email service there is no direct service available for customers, which means customers can not ring the business or speak to an employee face to face. This may be a huge disadvantage to the ASOS, as they do not provide a particular service thatÃ customers may feel is a must. The website itself, although fresh and tidy with its black and white colour scheme, when browsing the site customers may find the design to be boring and dull in comparison to an exciting and living shopping trip experience. This may hinder customerÃ¢â¬â¢s use of the site and result in a loss of customers and profit. As well as the design of the website, images of products featured on ASOS, may also deter customers desire to purchase from the website. Some of the images on the ASOS website are unreliable which makes it hard for customers to gain a realistic vision of what they are potentially purchasing. This could possibly be a disadvantage for ASOS as customers may face disappointment on the arrival of their purchase, as they do not have the ability to view the product in high detail before buying. When browsing ASOS, it can be highlighted that some of the pages show a different layout than others on the website. This could be seen as inconsistency within the website and give customers an unprofessional image of ASOS. Conclusion In conclusion, ASOS is effective in meeting the desired needs of its customers. The figures in 2007 of 42.6 million in comparison to the predicted turnover of Ã £1 billion expected by 2015 show the growth of the company in past years. This growth is down to the overall service providing by ASOS and use of the Internet. This is shown through benefits such as; navigation of the website, popularity through other sites, including search engines; direct mail and accessibility. Despite this, there are several drawbacks to using Internet market, which may prevent ASOS to strive to reach their fullest potential. Drawbacks within; overall customer service and inconsistency throughout the site, which may be seen as a huge disadvantage when using the website and may hinder the future growth of ASOS in the aspect of gaining and sustaining current and potential customers.
Thursday, November 7, 2019
Advanced Critical Writing Introduction Advanced Critical Writing ). Alcohol is undoubtedly a public health issue and is involved in a high number of road traffic accidents and anti-social activities such as assault, as well as being associated with a number of chronic diseases including alcoholic liver disease and a range of cancers (Rehm et al., 2009; SchÃ ¼tze et al., 2011). Furthermore, the economic cost can be devastating with alcohol-related injury costing the National Health Service (NHS) around Ã £2.7 billion a year, based on 2006 to 2007 figures (NHS, 2011). Therefore, the Government should indeed feel some responsibility to tackle and reduce these figures if at all possible. The author argues that such a strategy as minimum unit pricing for alcohol will be an infringement on the British people, a violation of the free market economy and will cause moderate and responsible drinkers to pay for the Ã¢â¬Å"crimes of a few.Ã¢â¬ However, the author later contradicts themselves saying that Ã¢â¬Å"boosting the cost [of alcohol] isnÃ¢â¬â¢t going to stop me drinking, itÃ¢â¬â¢s going to just leave me out of pocket.Ã¢â¬ Here, the author has gone from the extreme and dramatic to an almost mocking of the proposed policy. It becomes unclear whether the author truly believes that the policy would severely affect the innocent or whether it would simply leave people short of a few pounds at the end of the month. This type of contradictory writing can also been seen elsewhere in the article. For example, the writer opens the article with a murky and sinister scene using evocative words and phrases such as Ã¢â¬Å"swarmingÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"staggeringÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬ Å"teenagers hunched over a bottle of Frosty Jacks.Ã¢â¬ This use of language suggests that the author is disgusted and repelled by binge drinkers and the open consumption of cheap alcohol on British streets. However, the author quickly goes on to denounce Government attempts to tackle the problem as a Ã¢â¬Å"crazy ideaÃ¢â¬ , once again sending out a mixed message to the reader. The author also argues against the claim that an increase in prices for drinks with a high alcohol content will put off the type of people who buy such drinks purely to achieve a state of drunkenness, namely individuals suffering from alcoholism. The author asks Ã¢â¬Å"isnÃ¢â¬â¢t it their choice to drink alcohol?Ã¢â¬ and suggests that it is unacceptable to hurt the average person financially by trying to price such individuals out of the alcohol market. This an extremely reductionist viewpoint, meaning that the author of the article is reducing the plight of an alcoholic to the result of just Ã¢â¬Å"their choiceÃ¢â¬ rather than taking into account the plethora of reasons that can lead an individual down the destructive road of alcoholism, such as homelessness, debt or abuse. Such a view-point is potentially damaging as Spanagel (2009) has warned that a reductionist view of the causes of alcoholism can stand in the way of a better understanding of the underlying pathological p rocesses involved in such addictive behaviour. The author goes on to claim that implementation of a Ã £0.45 minimum unit price for alcohol is the result of the GovernmentÃ¢â¬â¢s attempt to try and make revenue from people who can afford a price rise but are just inconvenienced by it. This is an extreme accusation and the author has failed to take into account the evidence that suggests otherwise. Namely that such a policy could have a positive effect on public health and the economy.Ã Using a price-to-consumption model using various data sources and based on 54 population sub-groups classed as harmful, hazardous or moderate drinkers, Purshouse et al. (2010) estimated that a Ã £0.45 minimum price unit for alcohol would reduce alcohol consumption by 4.5% and avoid 1,970 alcohol-related deaths.Ã A recent systematic review found that a price increase of alcohol by around 10% would lead to a reduction in consumption of alcohol by around 5% (Wagenaar, Tobler and Komro, 2010). Both of these studies have provided strong evidenc e that a minimum unit pricing strategy with alcohol would be effective in reducing hazardous alcohol consumption. Further strengthening the argument in favour of minimum unit pricing are doubts that other attempts to reduce alcohol consumption will be far from successful. In a recent editorial, McKee (2012) highlighted that the three main Ã¢â¬Å"lines of attackÃ¢â¬ for tackling hazardous drinking consist of marketing, pricing and availability. Marketing and restrictions on availability are difficult to control, especially due to the lobbying power that many companies within the alcohol industry possess (McKee, 2012), and education-based interventions have been shown to be ineffective (Anderson, Chisholm and Fuhr, 2009) Therefore, pricing appears to be potentially the most effective and most easily manipulated element that the Government can utilise to tackle hazardous drinking. However, in addition to the positive effects that a minimum pricing policy has been predicted to have, there were also a number of drawbacks. For example, an increase in type 2 diabetes in young women was predicted due to a loss of the health benefits of moderate alcohol consumption and most of the reductions in harm would have been seen in chronic disorders in the over 45s, limiting the positive effect on the health and well-being of younger people (Purshouse et al., 2010). Furthermore, the figures produced by Purshouse et al. (2010) were based on a time period 10 years after policy implementation, suggesting that the benefit of a minimum pricing policy could be a long time coming. These drawbacks could be seen to support the authorÃ¢â¬â¢s claim that the Government would use a minimum pricing strategy primarily to increase their income, seeing as though implementation of the policy would be limited in its immediate and overall beneficial effects on public health. Furthermore, alternatives to minimum pricing such as increasing tax on alcohol, have also been found to decrease levels of alcohol consumption (Elder et al., 2010). However, the existence of potentially equally as effective strategies for tackling hazardous drinking does not automatically suggest a conspiracy by the Government to reap more revenue through a minimum pricing strategy. The author of the article disagrees with the claim that alcohol fuels crime and with the figure that intoxicated people are involved in causing around 5,000 avoidable crimes every year. However, it is well documented that alcohol is prolifically involved in crime. From 1998 to 1999, 70% of crimes were found to have involved alcohol (Home Office, 2001), with alcohol being a component in up to 70% of all stabbings and beatings, 40% of domestic violence incidents and 50% of child protection cases (Alcohol Concern, 2000). These figures are highly disturbing and the authorÃ¢â¬â¢s credibility is severely damaged in denying belief in such figures. The author ends the article with a rhetorical question by asking whether we would want Ã¢â¬Å"to live in a free country where people live as their consciences tell themÃ¢â¬ or whether we want to try and Ã¢â¬Å"control the behaviour of the poor by pricing them out of activities that we disapprove of?Ã¢â¬ Ã A similar use of rhetoric can be seen throughout the article. For example, the author suggests that the next stage after minimum unit pricing may be an increase in theatre tickets to reduce the number of Ã¢â¬Å"poorer, less educated people who might talk during the show.Ã¢â¬ This is an example of hyperbole where the author is exaggerating in order to manipulate their audience and create a strong emotional reaction. Through the use of rhetoric, the author will hope to encourage their audience to Ã¢â¬Ëcome roundÃ¢â¬â¢ to their way of thinking. However, the article would be far more persuasive if the author were to use more facts and empirical evidence to support their v iews. In conclusion, the article is well-written in terms of persuasiveness and in using rhetoric to create a strong emotional reaction in the audience. However, the author too often makes statements that contradict current empirical evidence without justification, which damages the credibility of the source. Ã References Alcohol Concern (2000) BritainÃ¢â¬â¢s Ruin: Meeting Government Objectives via a National Alcohol Strategy. London, UK: Alcohol Concern. Anderson, P., Chisholm, D. and Fuhr, D.C. (2009) Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of policies and programmes to reduce the harm caused by alcohol. Lancet, 373, pp. 2234-2246. Elder, R.W., Lawrence, B., Ferguson, A., Naimi, T.S., Brewer, R.D., Chattopadhyay, S.K., Toomey, T.L. and Fielding, J.E. (2010) The effectiveness of tax policy interventions for reducing excessive alcohol consumption and related harms. American Journal of Preventative Medicine, 38(2), pp. 217-229. Home Office (2012) The GovernmentÃ¢â¬â¢s Alcohol Strategy. London, UK: Home Office. Home Office (2001) Fighting Violent Crime Together: An Action Plan. London, UK: Home Office. Kuntsche, E., Rehm, J. and Gmel, G. (2004) Characteristics of binge drinkers in Europe. Social Science and Medicine, 59, pp. 113-127. McKee, M. (2012) Minimum unit pricing for alcohol Ã¢â¬â the case for action is overwhelming. European Journal of Public Health, 22(4), pp. 451. NHS (2011) Statistics on Alcohol: England, 2011. London, UK: The NHS Information Centre. Purshouse, R.C., Meier, P.S., Brennan, A., Taylor, K.B. and Rafia, R. (2010) Estimated effect of alcohol pricing policies on health and health economic outcomes in England: an epidemiological model. Lancet, 375, pp. 1355-1364. Rehm, J., Mathers, C., Popova, S., Thavorncharoensap, M., Teerawattananon, Y. and Patra, J. (2009) Global burden of disease and injury and economic cost attributable to alcohol use and alcohol-use disorders. Lancet, 373, pp. 2223-2233. SchÃ ¼tze, M., Boeing, H., Pischon, T. et al. (2011) Alcohol attributable burden of incidence of cancer in eight European countries based on results from prospective cohort study. British Medical Journal, 342, d1584. Spanagel, R. (2009) Alcoholism: A systems approach from molecular physiology to addictive behaviour. Physiological Reviews, 89(2), pp. 649-705. Wagenaar, A.C., Tobler, A.L. and Komro, K.A. (2010) Effects of alcohol tax and price policies on morbidity and mortality: a systematic review. American Journal of Public Health, 100, pp. 2270-2278.
Tuesday, November 5, 2019
Breast cancer begins as a group of cancer cells that invade tissues in the breast . When new cells form when they are not needed from the body or don 't die when they are supposed to, a build up of cells creates a mass of tissue called a tumor or lump. Breast cancer is a malignant tumor that forms in the tissues of the breast. Mostly in women but can also occur in men. Statistics show that 1 in 8 women in America will have invasive breast cancer in her lifetime and it is estimated thatÃ¢â¬ ¦ Breast Cancer My paternal grandmother has batteld cancer three times. She was diagnosed with breast cancer first and then six years later with ovarian cancer. Both times, she had to have radiation to cure her from the cancer. After four years of being in remission, the cancer came back. This time it was on a viscous rampage. My grandmother had to receive a month of intense chemotherapy and two critical surgeries to remove the tumors that were invading her body. Seeing her go through all of thisÃ¢â¬ ¦ Cancer is a disease that is caused by abnormal cells in a part of someoneÃ¢â¬â¢s body. Anyone can be diagnosed with cancer, it is not something that only affects certain people. Sometimes the cancer can be hereditary meaning that a family member has had the same type of cancer in the past. However, one of the most common cancers for women is breast cancer. Breast cancer is a cancer that is well known since there is a month that is dedicated to bring awareness to breast cancer but not many people realizeÃ¢â¬ ¦ Breast cancer is one of the leading cancers that affect a myriad of people in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society. Ã¢â¬Å"About 1 in 8 U.S. women (about 12%) will develop breast cancer over the course of her lifetime.Ã¢â¬ (Breast Cancer, 2016). Some people diagnosed with this type of cancer could have the opportunity to detect it early on due to screenings or self-evaluations. However despite early detection, it does not guarantee that the cancer can be treated in its entirety. Different stage levels decide the degree in whichÃ¢â¬ ¦ After skin cancer, breast cancer is the most common cancer diagnosed in women in the United States. Breast cancer is cancer that forms in the cells of the breasts. It can occur in both men and women, but it is extremely more common in women. Ã¢â¬Å"Each year there are about 2,300 new cases of breast cancer in men and about 230,000 new cases in womenÃ¢â¬ (National Cancer Institution, 2016). Breast cancer survival rates have increased, which is largely due to earlier detection, a new personalized treatmentÃ¢â¬ ¦ Cancer refers to several diseases that the involve uncontrolled growth of mutated cells in the body. Normally, cells grow and divide based on signals and the bodyÃ¢â¬â¢s needs, and new cells replace old or damaged cells. However, cancer is able to develop when cell signaling is interrupted. The old cells stop dying and instead form new abnormal cells, possibly resulting in a tumor. Cancerous cells are malignant, which means they can invade nearby tissue, and can potentially metastasize and spread to variousÃ¢â¬ ¦ Introduction Breast cancer is the abnormal growing of cells within the breast tissues. It has been identified to be number two killer of all cancer demises among women. The first common sign that can lead to cancer diagnosis is the presence of a breast lump. Breast cancer is more common in women than men are, but they also need to realize that they can also be diagnosed with breast cancer. Fibro adenoma has been identified as the most prevalent form of benign breast tumor, while Invasive DuctalÃ¢â¬ ¦ Krystal Headen Professor Kaitlin Sidorsky Poli 201 1 December 2015 BLOC Cancer The breast cancer, lung cancer, ovarian cancer, and colon cancer (BLOC) interest group was formed in September 2012 as an effective organization. It began when the founder, Krystal Headen was unfortunately informed that some of her friends and family members had been diagnosed with (remove either) breast cancer, lung cancer, ovarian cancer, colon cancer, or the KahlerÃ¢â¬â¢s disease. Krystal spent several months building a groupÃ¢â¬ ¦ mother had found in her breast. Ã¢â¬Å"I told her, Ã¢â¬ËMaybe it is that Froot Loop I gave you earlier,Ã¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬ Sands remembered. Ã¢â¬Å"She laughed and said, Ã¢â¬ËI hope so!Ã¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬ That day was the beginning of SandsÃ¢â¬â¢ journey with cancer. Five years later, her mother died of breast cancer at the age of 43, when Sands was 9 years old. A few years after that, SandsÃ¢â¬â¢ aunt was diagnosed with breast cancer. She went into remission but later died of ovarian cancer. Then a cousin was diagnosed with breast cancer at 34. Two years ago,Ã¢â¬ ¦ of different cancers that people tend to hear of. Cancer is abnormal cells that grow out of control and invade a healthy personÃ¢â¬â¢s body. When these cells do not grow normally things can go wrong. When cancer occurs it is because the cells divide more than they should and begin to form masses also known as tumors. According to the National Breast Cancer Foundation, the most common type of cancer is breast cancer and is the second leading cause of cancer death in woman. Breast cancer is when the malignantÃ¢â¬ ¦
Saturday, November 2, 2019
Islam in America - Essay Example To begin with, it must be noted that there are several scenes when Muslim inmates are shown praying. Indeed, a prayer is an important element of Islam: the believers are supposed to start praying as soon as they hear a spiritual leader. However Ã¢â¬Å"if they are too far from a mosque to hear the call to prayer, they have to rely on a time tableÃ¢â¬ (Wood 12). This is quite peculiar since it shows that even in prison the Muslims were willing to follow their spiritual tradition. In other words, the people who violated rule and regulations that were imposed by the society want to adhere to the religious rules instead. Some might suggest that this shows that spiritual law has more power for some people than secular. In addition to that, there is a peculiar scene at the end of the movie. One of the supporting characters, Javed, was shot and agreed to sacrifice himself so that the main characters would escape. When he is finally defeated and is about to be killed, he looks straight in the eyes of his future killer and says Ã¢â¬Å"Allahu AkbarÃ¢â¬ . What is surprising is that Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬â¢Allahu AkbarÃ¢â¬â¢ a phrase that many Americans associate with Muslim terroristsÃ¢â¬ . Nevertheless, this movie shows that even a criminal who is a Muslim is willing to make these words his last. Therefore, the movie wanted to imply that people may be wrong while thinking of it as a chant of terrorism.So, the movie in question also makes some important remarks about the role that religion plays in the American society.